Background info on the stages model



TOC for

Sentence completion assessments for ego development, meaning-making, and wisdom maturity, including STAGES

Appeared in Integral Leadership Review, August 2017

Tom Murray

Open Way Solutions




Table of Contents (clickable)

Overview        4

Background Context and Preface        5

An Introduction to Wisdom Skills and Adult Development        7

Why are wisdom skills important?        7

What is wisdom and how does it relate to meaning making?        8

Development: vertical vs. horizontal growth.        10

The shape of development.        11

Levels or stages of development.        11

What causes or supports development?        13

Caveats and Concerns—overgeneralizations about development.        16

Defining and Measuring Ego Development        17

What is ego development?        17

Ego development and the WUSCT.        18

On multiple intelligences and wide vs. narrow skills.        19

Cognitive vs. emotional skill—ego development includes both.        20

One skill to rule them all—is ego development one thing?        21

Cook-Greuter's study of Post-autonomous levels, and person-perspectives.        21

Total protocol scores.        23

Internal Validity of the SCT        26

Types of validity.        26

Inter-rater reliability of the WSUCT        27

Internal consistency of the WSUCT.        27

Test-retest reliability of the WSUCT.        28

Faking, guessing, and scaffolding the SCT.        29

Variations in the length of the SCT.        30

Variations in SCT stems.        31

Internal validity of WUSCT derivatives: MAP, GLP, and LDP.        32

External Validity of the SCT        33

Face Validity of the SCT.        33

Construct Validity of the SCT.        34

Construct and predictive validity of derivatives: MAP, LDP, and GLP.        36

On comparing models and construct indeterminacy.        37

The STAGES Model        38

What is STAGES?        38

Priorities of the four dimensions.        42

Further Explanation of the Four Dimensions        44

Concrete/Subtle/Metaware.        44

Individual/Collective.        45

Passive/Active.        46

Complexity: R/A/R/I.        48

STAGES vs. Prior Developmental Frameworks        48

STAGES vs. other SCT assessments.        48

Theory Comparison Caveats.        51

STAGES, States, and cognitive/brain theories        52

STAGES vs. Complexity and Skill Theory        54

Validity Studies of the STAGES Model        57

Conclusions        59

References        59

Appendix 1 — Summary of Conclusions in the Article        63

Appendix 2 — Developmental Level Correspondences        67

Appendix 3 — Descriptions of Developmental Levels        69

1. Short Summaries of Developmental progressions        69

2. Manners 2001, p. 544:        70

3. Loevinger’s Ego Development Levels        71

4. Cook-Greuter (2004, p. 7)—Some examples of how different action logics matter        72

5. Table 1 from McCauley et al. 2006: Comparison of three constructive-developmental frameworks        74

6. Description of the STAGES levels and person-perspectives (PP), adapted from Fitch, 2016.        74